Indonesia to Relocate Capital to Borneo

  • Indonesia will move its capital from sinking Jakarta to the island of Borneo.
  • Indonesian President Joko Widodo announced that the new capital will be in East Kalimantan as part of their $33 billion relocation plan.
  • Construction is slated for 2021 while government offices are expected to move their offices to the new capital by 2024.

Indonesia will be relocating its capital Jakarta to a province in the island of Borneo, citing concerns on overcrowding and income disparity, among other issues.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo made the announcement early this week that the new capital city of the country will be East Kalimantan, a province on the island of Borneo.

The new city would be built over 800 miles away from the current capital to reimagine one of the world’s fastest sinking cities.

via Shutterstock
Photo from archdaily

The new capital would be sited between North Penajam Paser and Kutai Kartanegara. 

Indonesia also shares the island with Malaysia and Brunei.

In April, the Indonesian government decided that the strain on the city had become too much and announced that there is a $33 billion plan to relocate the capital.

Today, parts of the metropolis are reportedly sinking more than 7 inches each year due to depletion of underground water wells and land subsidence. 

A boy transports residents through a flooded street in Jakarta, Indonesia in November 2007. Photo from Business Insider (Adek Berry/AFP/Getty Images)

Rising waters caused by climate change may also lead to the submersion of Jakarta below water by 2050.
Photo from archdaily

As the world’s fourth most populous country, Indonesia is spread across more than 17,000 islands. 

Jakarta shelters 10 million residents alone.

Widodo said that funding for the project will be sourced from a combination of public funds, state-run enterprises, private corporations, and public-private partnerships. 

The new settlement would be built on government-owned land between Balikpapan and Samarinda, while Jakarta will continue to serve as Indonesia’s financial center.

The new capital still needs approval from parliament, reports said. Construction is slated for 2021 and government employees will reportedly move into their new offices by 2024.


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